(35 votes, average 4.54 out of 5)
Truffle species4.54 out of 50 based on 35 voters.


Tuber-melanosporum1 TUBER MELANOSPORUM or black winter truffles, also known as Périgord truffles. Of this variety has a wild and cultivated truffles. World production of this variety is concentrated in Spain, Italy and France, they produce about 90% of Tuber Melanosporum.

Black winter truffles are different sizes, from pea to the size of tennis ball, not rarely found singly and reaching about 1 kilograms weight. This variety is covered with brownish-black with reddish warts basis. Inside his greyish-brown or purple-black and marble mottled with whitish thin "veins". It is a strong, intense and constant flavor. Truffles that are used for cooking, as the longest retains the aroma and can be stored dried. Black winter truffles are inhabits temperate climate zone, thrive in the roots of oak, hazel and black hornbeam, prefers limestone terrain. Reached maturity during the months from December to March. The price of this variety reaches a price of 1000 euros per kilogram.


Tuber-magnatumThis is the so-called "white truffle", is known as truffles from Alba or Piemonte. This is a very rare variety and is not subject to cultivation and processing. This makes the white truffles, the most expensive agent around between truffles. Depending on the harvest, the price can reach up to 4000 USD per kg. Appears in central Italy, southern France, Romania, Harvatska and Bulgaria. I found us some great specimens along the Danube. The "homeland" of that variety shows are the hills of Piemonte and Lange and Monferato. This variety grows from September to December / region as it is possible to download the ripening period of several weeks/. White truffles reach different sizes, from walnut to a fist / 5 to 12 centimeters/. He had a smooth surface, slightly velvety, with the color of pale ocher to dark cream or light greenish. Its core or "gleba" is a dark, greyish-yellow or reddish brown, with white houses. Increasing depth of about 30 centimeters, depending on rainfall during the year. Its flavor resembles a mixture of methane gas and garlic. The most commonly consumed, shredded on a favorite dish. This is a very delicate truffles, traynosta is only a few days. Each year the auction will be held in the town of Alba, the castle of Grinzane Cavour. They are the best specimens of the season and the price is determined individually.


Tuber-aestivumTuber Aestivum or black summer truffles, also called "Truffe de la Saint-Jean". Outside looks like a black winter truffles, warty, core beige veined white marble. The aroma is very different and delicate, light walnut, very good choice for testing new recipes. Truffles grow this variety across Europe of the months from May to September. I love them mostly squirrel and other small mammals, for monitoring the behavior of animals can give a direction where to search these truffles. Mammals living in holes, such as squirrels and some insects, participate in the development of truffles as spread its spores. Price varies by season from 200 to 600 euros per kilo.


Tuber-uncinatumOr Burgundy. This is the kind of Tuber Aestivum., Maturing at the beginning of October until the end of January. Has expressed a strong flavor and aroma than black summer truffles. His heart is dark brown in contrast to the summer truffles.


Tuber-mesentericumBagnoli, or even truffles. It grows and reaches maturity at the same time as Tuber uncinatum. Truffles are small, 2 to 5 sm with a cavity in the heart, oval, not very round shape with a large or small dents in the base section in which he adds reniform appearance, with large bark chera warts with tapered or flat tops. The interior is gray-brown, mottled with slightly wavy grained. Its size seldom exceeds that of the egg. The most characteristic feature is the pervasive smell of tar and phenol as blind bitter almonds. This remains after tasting concoction, many people do not like the strong aroma and taste of Bagnoli remaining truffles. However, the truffles present in some dishes. Is not prevalent type, but can be found under the oak, birch, hazel and beech. Appears only in Europe. Extremely difficult on the market.


Tuber-brumaleWinter Truffles very similar in appearance to the Tuber melanosporum. Winter Truffles, maturing at the same time occupying the same areas as Tuber melanosporum, but prefers moist areas. Usually rounded projections or weak, black or dark purple bark with very closely located to clear warts dents in peak and longitudinal slots. The interior is dark brown to greyish-black with a broad marble stains. Its size reaches less than Bird egg. It is autumn and early winter under the oak and hazel in Central and Southern Europe. Its aroma and taste may be more or less strong, but pleasant, which is normally consumed, although the prices are less than Tuber melanosporum which confused sometimes.


Tuber-indicumWinter Truffles very similar in appearance to the Tuber melanosporum. Or so-called Chinese truffles, sold under other names: Tuber himalayense, Tuber pseudohimalayense Tuber sinense and this is the same truffles in many different names. This variety is a cheap and available in large quantities during the winter season. Sold fresh and canned. There is similarity with Tuber melanosporum, but no flavor and the veins in the heart I rose-red.


Tuber-borchiior Tuber albidum. This variety is white and well-known in Italy as bianchetto or marzuolo truffles. Can be collected throughout the year, preferably the root system of pine, oak, hazel, poplar. This is relatively simple and common type and occurs also in Australia, America and China. There is a strong characteristic garlic smell, sometimes acute when very ripe. T.borchii very close relative of T.magnatum Pico. T.borchii may sometimes be confused with T.maculatum Vitt., Which is much more delicate flavor and T. foetidum Vitt., which has a strong unpleasant smell.


Tuber-macrosporumor smooth black truffles. Probably the most common variety in Italy. It is harvested at the same time as Tuber magnatum from September to December. Tuber macrosporum a similar aroma and taste do Tuber magnatum. Roundish, lumpy and often with rounded uneven with black and purple rough bark and small warts. Pink-brown core, mottled with light gray marble veined. In rare cases, a small amount reaches the egg. It is most common in the autumn under oak, poplar and willow in Central and Southern Europe. There are very strong, pleasant, slightly garlicky aroma and flavor reminiscent of white truffles that which is valuable in gastronomy, although because of its small size is not so valuable by collectors.